Main Chemicals

timol, p-cumene, gamma terpinene, carvacrol

Also known in Bulgaria as grannys dearestor shepherds basil, thyme has proven healing properties. 

History and distribution

Thyme was known in Ancient Greece and Ancient Rome (soldiers bathed in water with soaked thyme to gain strength. They also cultivated and used it as a spice. The Egyptians used it as a perfume, and also used it for embalming of the dead.

In the XI century, thanks to the Benedictine monks, thyme was spread throughout Europe.

It was spread in Europe, North America, Asia. In Bulgaria it can be found in the wild as well. 


Thyme is a shrub with somewhat woody stems with a height of 20 40 cm. Blooms from May to August with white, pink or violet small flowers.

Thyme has a pleasant persistent smell and spicy bitter taste.

Useful properties of thyme oil

  • Thyme has strong, spicy and warm aroma due to thymol and carvacrol volatile substances from the phenolic group.
  • These two elements make up the main part of thyme essential oil about 60%; the oil also includes terpene alcohols and monoterpenes, isomeric hydrocarbon terpins, organic pigments, gums, minerals, bitterness, tannins; natural ursolic acid, which has a number of popular therapeutic properties; monounsaturated oleic acid, etc.
  • Thyme Essential oil has a wide variety of therapeutic effects on the human body: toning, spasmolytic, regenerative, antirheumatic, expectorant, diuretic, cardiotonic, anthelmintic, hypertonic, carminative, bactericidal, antiseptic, etc.
  • Thyme oil relieves insomnia and relieves headaches, improves memory and brain function, helps fight chronic fatigue syndrome, fatigue and depression, improves the nervous system tone as a whole; improves blood circulation in capillaries, increases the strength of cardiac contractions, increases pressure; normalizes digestion, removes intestinal spasms and gases, cleanses the digestive tract from harmful microorganisms and improves appetite. In cases of gastroenteritis and mouth infections, the antimicrobial properties of thyme oil are very useful; it pushes parasites and restores damaged liver cells.
  • Thyme Essential oil has a wide variety of therapeutic effects on the human body: toning, spasmolytic, regenerative, antirheumatic, expectorant, diuretic, cardiotonic, anthelmintic, hypertonic, carminative, bactericidal, antiseptic, etc.
  • For diseases of the throat and the respiratory system, this oil is also effective in the following cases: for pharyngitis, tonsillitis, laryngitis, flu, cold, sinusitis, cough, bronchitis, tuberculosis. It stimulates the immune system, helps the body cope with infections more quickly thymol in the oil works particularly efficiently in recurrent infections, although it needs to be used very carefully.
  • Thyme oil also shows its healing properties in diseases of the urogenital system: inflammation of the fallopian tube and the cervix (a hemototype which increases the uterine tone and regulation of the emotional background), cystitis, urinary tract infections and even chlamydia one of the most common diseases among sexually transmitted diseases, etc.
  • Thyme oil relieves pain and swelling after sports injuries, arthritis, rheumatism, gout, neuritis, myositis and other diseases of the locomotory system; it helps those who want to lose weight.

Composition and properties

  • For therapeutic purposes, use leafy twigs (thyme). In folk medicine, thyme is used for gargle for pertussis, bronchitis and bronchial asthma.
  • It is used in the production of powders and pastes, syrup, decoction, extract, medicinal tea, cough tablets, nerve soothing tinctures, etc.
  • Fresh and dry thyme leaves are boiled and drunk for joint pain, heart pain, radiculitis and neuralgic diseases.
  • Thyme provides significant help in diseases of the gastrointestinal tract (enterocolitis, fermentopathy, gastro-intestinal dyskinesia, dysbacteriosis), it helps in the digestion of fatty foods, it also has choleretic, blood-purifying, diuretic properties.
  • Its effect in cases of insomnia is very typical.
  • Thyme helps with sinusitis.
  • Thyme gargle is used for stomatitis and gingivitis.
  • A bath of thyme is useful for the treatment of gynecological diseases. Thymol isolated from thyme, as well as many preparations made of it, is used as anthelmintic, disinfectant and pain reliever.
  • Contraindications high body temperature, high blood pressure, heart failure.

Application of thyme oil

  • in medicine
  • in cosmetology
  • in aromatherapy
  • in perfumery
  • in the culinary industry

Thyme leaves are used as a spice in the culinary industry, in the canning industry, as well as in the preparation of various types of liqueurs. Improves the aroma and taste of vegetable dishes, especially those with potatoes and cabbage. Thyme is indispensable in the preparation of pork, mutton, fish, lentils, peas and beans. It is used when cooking dishes with poultry, game, offal. Thyme is popular for smoking and salting vegetables.

Thyme essential oil is used in cosmetics to soften soaps, lipstick, cream, toothpaste. If you put thyme in the clothes in your wardrobe, it repels moths.

This plant is widely used in decorative gardening in the preparation of rock gardens.