Roman chamomile

Main Chemicals

4-methylamyl angelate, isobutyl angelate, isiamyl tihlate

Product Description

The "doctor of plants" as it has a positive effect on plants growing near it.

Description 

Roman chamomile is a plant that forms upright sprouts with a height of 30 centimeters. At the ends of the shoots in a white raceme, mainly with wide petals. The leaves of the noble chamomile are pinnate into two or three parts.

The rootstock is under the ground, almost horizontally, branched, covered with thin vertical additional roots. From the rootstock, numerous cylindrical, striated, more or less thin stalks, 15-30 cm high, go up; some of them are creeping, ending with a multi-faceted rosette, in some places rooted by occasional roots; others are more or less upright, branched, ending, like their branches, with single flower corollas.

These autumn flowering stems fall almost to the ground, and the new ones develop the following year from the above-mentioned leaf rosettes.

The leaves are alternating, sessile, double pinnately separated, generally the contour is oblong-lanceolate, finely hairy; individual leaves are almost opposite, pinnately crenated, with linear, integrally extreme, or 2-3 crenated needle-shaped, mucronate portions.

The seedling flowers are small, collected on a common flower bed in single corollas, standing at the ends of rather long stems. The corollas are quite large (2.5-3 cm in diameter), radiant, each of which consists of 12-18 end, wide, feminine and numerous internal, tubular, two-sex flowers, sessile and standing on a conical, internal flower bed with each elongated flower. oval, spatula-shaped, torn, crenated, dull, filmed, overlapping, almost the same length as the flowers or a little shorter than the last one. 

The end flowers have no cup, a white crown, about 1 cm long, with a short tube with a glandular piece and a long (3 times longer than the tubular) tongue, about 2 mm wide, about four longitudinal nerves, uneven with the tip, 3 crenated. There are no stamens, lower ovaries, oblong, unicellular, around one egg.

The column is filiform, slightly thickened at the base, protruding from the tip of the ovary, slightly protruding from the tube of the crown, ending with a 2-part mark, its ends dull, short, curved outwards. In the inner flowers the cup is unclear, in the form of a barely visible ring pillow over the ovary; the crown is yellow, seated with small glands, tubular, bell-shaped in the upper part, 5-jawed edges, it parts being oval, slightly mucronate, slightly off; stamens, including 5 stamen-type fibers, thin, short, attached to the tube of the crown, segmented, and 2-sided anthers fused together in the tube surrounding the stem, filaments carried above on a dull, filmed connection; ovaries, filaments and stigmas are the same as those of marginal flowers.

The stamens are smooth, brown, in an inverse egg form, with three longitudinal ribs on the outside, each of which is crowned with a barely protruding edge of a cup without a fascicle. The seeds do not contain any proteins, they fill the entire cavity of the stamen. The germ is straight, with a short downward root. Blooms in July and August.

Chemical composition

The composition of Roman chamomile is essential oil, sesquiterpene lactones, flavonoids, polyacetylenes. Essential components of flower corollas: essential oil (0.7-1%), wax and a still completely unexamined glycoside. The essential oil consists of Anthemolum (C10H16O) and butyl, amyl, hexyl esters, isobutyric, angelic, methyltic acid; In addition, this oil contains terpene antigens (C18H36) and blue pigment azulene.

Useful properties of Roman chamomile oil

  • It has calming and sedative properties, regulates the functioning of the nervous system; spasmolytic, medical, painkilling and anti-allergic agent; removes inflammation, anthelmintic properties (fights some feline parasites), which stimulates the digestive system; removes itching.
  • Roman chamomile essential oil is designed for everyday use on skin. The product has a sweet fruity aroma.
  • This is one of those essential oils that can be used by children. Attention, do not confuse the ingredient with the pharmaceutical chamomile.
  • Use internally to treat problems related to the nervous and digestive system, and externally for skin care.
  • Because of its ability to regulate the nervous system, the oil is one of the most effective means of relieving stress, anxiety, depression, nervous shock and insomnia. The oil has an excellent spasmolytic effect on the physical and mental level. Roman chamomile essential oil is ideal as a tranquilizer for children. Diluted with a dispersant in the bath, the oil contributes to complete relaxation.
  • Moreover, the oil is an excellent skin care agent in cases of itching, allergies (also suitable for the treatment of respiratory allergies), herpes, eczema, psoriasis or acne.
  • In addition to all of the above, the oil has a beneficial effect on the work of the stomach, relieves pain, improves digestion, prevents swelling of the abdomen and fights intestinal parasites.
  • This analgesic oil is recommended for use in case of toothache or migraine.
  • When sprayed, thanks to its ability to restore emotional balance, the oil regulates mood swings.
  • A wonderful massage product.
  • In cases of nervous asthma. 
  • Roman chamomile has anti-inflammatory, spasmolytic, carminative and disinfecting action. Used in cases of diseases of the stomach and intestines, externally in cases of inflammation of the mucous membranes of the mouth, throat and skin in the form of compresses, sit baths, rinses, irrigation, baths. The properties of Roman chamomile flowers are similar to the properties of chamomile flowers.
  • For medical purposes, from Roman chamomile are used flower corollas with cultivated Roman chamomile the noble chamomile, as well as the essential oil extracted from it.
  • Roman chamomile is used not only internally but also externally.

Application of Roman chamomile oil

  • in medicine
  • in cosmetology
  • in aromatherapy
  • in the culinary industry