carvacrol, thymolProduct Description
One of the newest essential oils that has been used for centuries.
Regular oregano (Origanum vulgare) is a perennial herbaceous plant growing in bushes and clearings, in rocky places and in thin forests, mostly in foothills and mountains all over the country.
It grows mostly in tufts, with stems sometimes reaching 80-100 cm, and new stems coming out every year. It reaches up to 80 cm in height, the tops of the plants diverge and form umbrella-like inflorescences, in which a large number of small flowers are collected with pale pink, pink or almost white color and brown cups. The flowering of oregano continues for a long time, as some stems in the tuft bloom and others continue to develop. Thus, blooming starts usually from the beginning of June and continues until the end of August.
The oregano can be found in its wild state almost everywhere in Bulgaria. It is also grown as a cultivated plant because of the aromatic oil, which is found in its entire epigeous part and especially in the flowers. The oil is widely used in perfumery. Dried stems are a good substitute for tea. They are used in case of cough, in the treatment of pulmonary diseases, high blood pressure. When dried, it preserves its taste.
In Bulgaria, oregano is also known as forest tea, shepherd basil, crow’s grass, oregano grass, Vitosha tea, etc. It is found in Europe, Asia and North America. It contains essential oil, vitamins A and C, tannins, mineral salts.
Oregano contains tannins and ascorbic acid. Raw materials contain 0.3-1.2% of essential oil. Essential oil obtained from the plant is colorless or yellowish. It well preserves the smell of the raw material; it has a sharp taste. The main ingredients of the oil (%): thymol – 50 (according to other data, up to 44), carvacrol, bi- and tricyclic sesquiterpenes – 12.5, geranyl acetate – 2.6-5. Essential oils with high carvacrol content are superior in their bactericidal properties to many existing antibiotics and antiallergic and antihistamine preparations.
- Oregano is used in the composition of chest, sweating and carminative preparations for catarrhal and other respiratory diseases as anti-inflammatory and expectorant remedy.
- The herb’s essential oil is used as an external medicine for toothache, in the Indian medicine it is a stimulating and strengthening remedy.
- Oregano is used for intestinal atony (increases peristalsis), stomach cramps, gastritis, liver inflammation, jaundice, insomnia, nervous disorders, pertussis and also as an expectorant.
- In folk medicine oregano is used in cases of rheumatism, paralysis, epilepsy, intestinal pain, amenorrhea, and also as a sweat preventing and diuretic agent.
- In homeopathy, the plant is recommended for hypertension and atherosclerosis.
- In perfumery and cosmetics industry, oregano essential oil is used to flavor toilet soaps, colognes, toothpastes and lipsticks.
- Oregano produces good nectar. Dried oregano grass is used in beekeeping to fight wax moths and ants.
- Decorative plant.
- Essential oil is used in the production of liqueurs in the brewing industry.
- Its flowers are used to dye wool in orange-red color.
- The plant is part of a mix of spices for pies, liver or meat sides, homemade sausages. Oregano is added as a spice to stew, roasted meat, sauces, etc. In the Italian cuisine it is used to season pizzas. In some European countries, oregano is used in the preparation of mushrooms dishes with a delicate taste and aroma.